Mehmet Ali Güller

Pan Guang’s two proposals

06 Temmuz 2024 Cumartesi

In Shanghai, we held a roundtable meeting with academics as journalists from member, observer, and dialogue partner countries of the organization. One of the senior figures present, Prof. Pan Guang, made two proposals that deserve attention and discussion.


Prof. Pan Guang’s first proposal concerns the decision-making mechanism of the SCO. Noting the organization’s expansion and the difficulty of making quick decisions if it continues with the unanimity system, Prof. Pan Guang suggested transitioning from unanimity to a majority voting system to avoid becoming sluggish.

Prof. Pan Guang’s second proposal is even more intriguing. Reminding us of the founding principles of the organization, such as combating terrorism, countering separatism, and resolving border issues, Prof. Pan Guang proposed a security mechanism aimed at maintaining peace. He emphasized that his proposal was not military in nature but described a police mechanism affiliated with the United Nations (UN).


In my speech, I mentioned that I found Prof. Pan Guang’s proposals significant and, therefore, they must be discussed. I added:

Both proposals have advantages and disadvantages. Since Prof. Pan Guang has already explained the advantages, I will focus on the disadvantages to contribute my perspective.

I have three concerns about the two proposals:

The SCO is expanding, and undoubtedly, the growing SCO’s decision-making by unanimity slows down its pace. However, transitioning from unanimity to a majority voting system, would it not halt the positive expansion characteristic of the growing SCO? Would new countries hesitate to join the organization out of concern that their role in the decision-making process would be diminished? I believe they would.


2) One of the features that make the SCO strong and attractive is its egalitarian nature. But would shifting from a unanimity to a majority voting system erode this feature? Wouldn’t the equality of countries whose votes do not turn into decisions be compromised? Would the egalitarian understanding of the SCO weaken? I believe it would.

Most importantly, how will a police mechanism operate, and under what conditions? Will it be deployed at the request of a government facing an uprising in their country? The sovereignty aspect of the issue is already problematic, but how will this police mechanism solve a problem that the country’s own security forces couldn’t? If a part of the country’s security forces supports the uprising, won’t this result in a conflict between them and the police mechanism? And more importantly: For some governments, opposition social movements could be labeled as terrorist activities, as indeed they are. In this case, wouldn’t this police mechanism, activated at the government’s request, take a problematic stance within the country’s internal politics by taking sides?


Due to time constraints, there wasn’t enough opportunity for Prof. Pan Guang to elaborate on my concerns. But he must have considered these aspects as well.

Let’s see, maybe Pan Guang has made a start, and these proposals will come before the SCO for evaluation. (The next day, at the summit, Putin said, “We will reform the SCO’s regional anti-terror structure.”) Thus, we will have the opportunity to review and develop our “initial views.”

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